Three articles about Super commuters / Extreme commuters
* Super/Extreme commuting is defined here as “traveling a minimum of 90 minutes to work and back”. The national average(2011) being 50 minutes.
(2004, lots of numbers )
People make these lengthy commutes for many reasons. A few want a rural lifestyle. Some are accommodating a spouse who works closer to home. Some even enjoy the trip. But most do it for a chance to buy into the American dream, says Alan Pisarski, a transportation consultant and author of Commuting in America.
New ways of working — telecommuting, a compacted workweek, low-cost airlines — are allowing people to pull back from traditional commuting patterns.
“People who don’t do it don’t understand it,” Foster says. “No matter where you live in (New York), it’s an hour commute. I’m just adding on 45 minutes or so. It’s worth it to me” to own a home.
These new super commuters have increased over 95% since 1990. About 3.5 million people in the United States are termed “extreme” or “super” commuters. That is one in six people who spend one month a year commuting.
Extreme commuting has high environmental costs, because it takes a lot of energy to move people long distances (and it’s worse since most of them are alone in their vehicles), but there are also high health and social costs. The stress adds up and can lead to health problems (“raised blood pressure, musculoskeletal disorders, increased hostility, lateness, absenteeism, and adverse effects on cognitive performance”), as well as family problems (especially for parents with young children).
There is no easy solution to eradicate this kind of long-distance commuting, but educating people about the real costs of it can probably help some people realize that it’s not worth it.
How airlines website can facilitate passenger’s holistic flight experience?
I see a potential in Qatar Airways’s approach.
Qatar Airways’s website has a journey map-ish menu taps that shows each steps that most passengers would go through in the actual flight experience.
5 starts Airlines
Asiana Airlines, (Seoul, Korea / 72 planes by 2012. Feb )
Cathay Pacific,(Hong Kong / B747, 777 and A 330, 340)
Hainan Airlines, (Hainan Province, China / B737,767 and A330, 340)
Qatar Airways, (Doha, Qatar)
Singapore Airlines. (Singapore, Singapore / B747, 777 and A 330,340,380)
5 starts Airport
Korea Incheon ,
Manufacturing and suppliers for Dreamliner 787
After stiff competition, Boeing announced on December 16, 2003, that the 787 would be assembled in its factory in Everett, Washington. Boeing assigned its global subcontractors to do more assembly themselves and deliver completed subassemblies to Boeing for final assembly.
South Korean subcontracted assemblies included
1. horizontal stabilizers – Korea Aerospace Industries (+ Alenia Aeronautica, Italy;)
2. fuselage sections- Korean Air (+Global Aeronautica, Italy; Boeing, North Charleston, USA; Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Japan; Spirit AeroSystems, Wichita, USA)
3. wing-tips, flap support fairings, wheel well bulkhead, and longerons – Korean Air, (solely)
* All for perspective
subcontracted assemblies included wing manufacture (Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Japan, central wing box)horizontal stabilizers (Alenia Aeronautica, Italy; Korea Aerospace Industries, South Korea) fuselage sections (Global Aeronautica, Italy; Boeing, North Charleston, USA; Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Japan; Spirit AeroSystems, Wichita, USA; Korean Air, South Korea); passenger doors (Latécoère, France); cargo doors, access doors, and crew escape door (Saab, Sweden); software development (HCL Enterprise India); floor beams (TAL Manufacturing Solutions Limited, India); wiring (Labinal, France);wing-tips, flap support fairings, wheel well bulkhead, and longerons (Korean Air, South Korea); landing gear (Messier-Dowty, UK/France);and power distribution and management systems, air conditioning packs (Hamilton Sundstrand, Connecticut, USA).Boeing is considering bringing construction of the 787-9 tail in house; the tail of the 787-8 is currently made by Alenia.
How/ why Teague designed interior of 787 Dreamliner
– From comfort to the brand
The Teague team strove for a design language that would convey a sense of comfort and offer subtle yet memorable cues meant to signal the Boeing brand.
[ Design Solutions ]
There is a bar-like area to encourage them to move about and be both active and comfortable during the flight. To keep passengers from feeling boxed in or cramped while in flight, Teague’s designers created an interior that “doesn’t look like a large tube. There’s a more room-like scale to provide a sense of comfort.
[ Process ]
Teague, in partnership with Boeing, focused on customer needs when developing its design strategy, using a combination of international airline surveys, personal anecdotes, and ethnographic-style research. Teague was involved from the start of the design process, which began in 2001.
[ New material ]
Teague also applied new material technologies to the window designs, which feature electrochromatic gel sandwiched between two pieces of glass. When electricity is flagged to the gel, the window dims or clears—meaning there is no need for cumbersome shades.
[ Further implication ]
Teague also worked on 747’s interiors, and faced the challenge of carrying over elements from the Dreamliner to create a consistent brand message for other new Boeing planes.