History

HISTORY of DESIGN

”  We will approach the history of design not as a history of things but as a history of ideas embedded in things. The objective is not to make you better historians, but better designers.”   – Barry M. Katz

To design
is to articulate a vision of how things should be, and to implement that vision in some medium
 A medium
is whatever stands between an idea and its realization. The history of design, then, is a history of media and mediation.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
If design refers to a way of thinking about the object in an age of mass-production, then we should start in 1849 when the Journal of Design and Manufactures announced its radical program:  “to wed high art with mechanical skill.”

Perspective from the hand-made art object  >> to the factory-made use-object.
The founding of the Bauhaus in 1919 permanently changed the cultural landscape by forcing designers to come to grips with the realities of mass production, the mass media that distribute it and the mass culture that consumes it.

Design in America
always been closely linked to patterns of production and consumption.
Commercialism of Raymond Loewy (“Most Advanced Yet Acceptable”) and
the idealism of Henry Dreyfuss (“Design is for people”) are merely two sides of the transformation of the consumer object into a medium of communication.

“Silicon Valley” in the 1980s shook the design professions to their foundations as designers were challenged not just to improve existing products but to invent whole new product categories.

_________________________________________________________________________

From Arts and Crafts to eco-design, a 7-step guide to design movements. By Barry katz

http://www.dwell.com/articles/101-architectural-movements.html

http://www.unknown.nu/futurism/manifesto.html

[ modernism ]
Le Corbusier, from Towards a New Architecture (1923) – House is “a machine for living” *car, airplane
Jan Tschichold, “Growth and Nature of The New Typography” (1928)
Walter Gropius, “My Conception of the Bauhaus Idea”

Richard Buckminster “Bucky” Fuller1895- 1983. geodesic domes

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